The Kashmir question – as projected in official discourses or officially sponsored discourses, certainly influenced public opinion and mindsets both at home and abroad. The images have been built as the source of conflicts dragging two modern States into confrontation and conflict, out of all proportions. The bilateral image building of the conflict had been in practice for the last 60 years, does not offer us any other explanation except that it was to confuse the thousands of years of Kashmir’s Political History, so as to neutralize the question of self-determination under the cover of inter-state rivalry.
The work of scholars, writers, and journalists, too, failed to escape the subject bilateral image of the conflict and so is the case with the State and non-State actors while contributing to the processes of conflict resolution. Strategic writers like, Ayesha Jalal concluded it: “A glittering prize, a tantalizing dream, a festering sore, Kashmir is the fairy tale that tortures the South Asian psyche.” (1) Certainly, the dominant factor was and is: “a glittering prize” while dominating strategy had been influenced by “a tantalizing dream” among the “Siamese twins”.One might take Ayesha’s argument in line with the school of thought who see third-world conflicts as endogenous and not exogenous in origin where the threat to national security comes either from ethnic strife or weak legitimacy of ruling elites; or those who consider the distorted decolonizing process in the Indian-subcontinent; the incompatibility of different ethnic identities and economic backwardness etc. There is no disagreement on these lines of argument, but one cannot ignore the third world’s mindset, especially the ruling elites; partly the continuity of their colonial behaviors, and partly maybe their training and skills they have had while serving part of the Empire’s administration. There is still a dominating class of bureaucratic intellectuals who think that the colonial tools are still an available answer to the post-colonial questions.
The history of elements of fear of the variation of multi denominations in society had been used as a political weapon to deny or divert the public opinion, is a case in point. The concept of democracy, for the people, by the people, of the people, or the people’s relation to land, recognizing their history and culture, had never been translated into public opinion, never adopted as a policy, and, never practiced by the bureaucratic machines of newly decolonizing States of the third world. The urge for the people’s right to self-determination, never allowed of its natural exit through democratic norms of dispensations. The socio-political, socio-economic, and socio- cultural demands dealt with the patriarch, tribal and feudal responses on behalf of the State, that is by all standards, an anti-thesis to a culture where rule of law prevailed and differences and demands were settled through dialogue, arbitration, judicial process and finally through the process of the vote only alternative course available to violence and anarchy.
Therefore, the history of an armed insurgency and violent resistance in third world, has always been and is a natural outcome of the State’s backward responses; aggravating the social fabric of society, further into turmoil and turbulence resulting in human catastrophe, stagnation in the socio-economic, socio-cultural and socio-political life of a society. This might partly explain one of the reasons for the poverty in third world.
The historical setting of Kashmir policy been persuaded by both India and Pakistan; for last sixty some years and the responses and approaches by the resistance movement, to identify and understand the fault line and to judge whether or not the present ongoing dialogue process would have any result-oriented credibility that could pave the way to reduce the hardship of the people of the sub-continent of India. The element of suspicious in the people’s minds, is the rigid and barren mindsets of the bureaucratic machines of India and Pakistan, lacking any fresh air of creative thoughts that is necessary for the contribution of the process of conflict resolutions. The fact that there had been clear legal and political guidelines, were available regarding the Kashmir question right from the beginning, but, both Governments are still lingering on and not ready to address the issue, in the framework that was agreed upon and set out by both, sixty years before. Further hopelessness stems from the fact while taking into account the stated positions of both the Governments, yet, there are, no fresh ideas on the table, and the historical rigidity still prevails, and, is dominated by patriarch, tribal and feudal mindsets.
Millions of daughters weep today
There are many examples to illustrate in order to prove the point. The term “member state” or “member states” used in the UN vocabulary, not “member nation” or “member nations”. Further more nationhood and statehood are the social expressions of human life reflect in political terms, which, is, dynamic and ever changing. For example: The ex-leader of Liberal Democratic Party of Britain, Mr. Charles Kennedy encountered with question to identify himself his relation with Scottishness and Britishness. His reply was: I am a Scottish, I am a British and I am the Citizen of Europe. Mr. Kennedy’s narration was correct, a reflection of socio political life that is taking place between Scottish and Britain and between Britain and Europe. The evidence of dynamics ever changing is; that the new citizenship, a European one, is, in the making.
All the Nations and Nationalities agreed on one point, that is : No to division. This "NO" is from Poonch (Azad Kashmir), Jammu, Kashmir, Ladakh, Baltistan and Gilgit. There are difference on the point that some wants union with India, others with Pakistan and a majority wants the restoration of it’s historical unity. Those, who want union with India, driven by the fear of the domination by bigger nations, similarly those who wants union with Pakistan, driven by sectarian hatred and an inconsistency of a mind-set with the pace of change and the modern state system. All the political Parties of the State, have openly supported the idea of USK, except few who are still reluctant, because of third worlds experience where societies still driven by the forces of sectarian hatred, narrow mindedness and violent behaviour.